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Treatments

There are two main types of hip replacement operation, but a number of different components and surgical techniques may be used.Total hip replacementIn a total hip replacement, part of the thigh bone (femur) including the ball (head of femur) is removed and a new, smaller artificial ball is fixed into the rest of the thigh bone. The surface of the existing socket in the pelvis (the acetabulum) is roughened to accept a new socket component that will join up (articulate) with the new ball component.Many artificial joint components are fixed into the bone with acrylic cement. However, it’s becoming more common, especially in younger, more active patients, for one part (usually the socket) or both parts to be inserted without cement. If cement isn’t used, the surfaces of the implants are roughened or specially treated to encourage bone to grow onto them. Bone is a living substance and, as long as it’s strong and healthy, it’ll continue to renew itself over time and provide a long-lasting bond. Where only one part is fixed with cement, it’s known as a hybrid hip replacement.The replacement parts can be plastic (polyethylene), metal or ceramic and are used in different combinations:Metal-on-plastic (a metal ball with a plastic socket) is the most widely used combination.Ceramic-on-plastic (a ceramic ball with a plastic socket) or ceramic-on-ceramic (where both parts are ceramic) are often used in younger, more active patients.Ceramic-on-ceramic (a ceramic ball with a ceramic socket) is very occasionally used in younger, more active patients.

A total knee replacement is a surgical procedure whereby the diseased knee joint is replaced with artificial material. The knee is a hinge joint which provides motion at the point where the thigh meets the lower leg. The thighbone (or femur) abuts the large bone of the lower leg (tibia) at the knee joint. During a total knee replacement, the end of the femur bone is removed and replaced with a metal shell. The end of the lower leg bone (tibia) is also removed and replaced with a channeled plastic piece with a metal stem. Depending on the condition of the kneecap portion of the knee joint, a plastic "button" may also be added under the kneecap surface. The artificial components of a total knee replacement are referred to as the prosthesis.

Arthroscopy is a procedure that orthopaedic surgeons use to inspect, diagnose, and repair problems inside a joint. The word arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, "arthro" (joint) and "skopein" (to look). The term literally means "to look within the joint." During shoulder arthroscopy, your surgeon inserts a small camera, called an arthroscope, into your shoulder joint. The camera displays pictures on a television screen, and your surgeon uses these images to guide miniature surgical instruments.

Meet our doctor

Dr Divyanshu SN Goyal

Joint Replacement Surgeon

+91-9174400555

He stood in merit in all pre medical exams and took admission in KEM Hospital, Mumbai in 2003. He was always in merit throughout his MBBS, securing gold medals in 7 subjects. He passed his MS in Orthopaedics in 2012 in merit. 2013 - He worked as Senior Registrar in Orthopaedics in KEM Hospital for a year, honed his skills in complex trauma. 2014 - After that he joined Dr. Hemant Wakankar & Dr Mahesh Kulkarni for KNEE REPLACEMENT fellowship for a year during which he was a part of around 3000 Joint Replacement including Primary as well as Revision Surgery. Thereafter he went to Coimbatore to work with Dr. David Rajan for learning Arthroscopy - Knee and Shoulder in 2015. In 2016 he did fellowship in Arthroscopy and Sports Injuries in Portugal where he learnt Shoulder and Knee Arthroscopy from world’s leading Arthroscopy surgeons who operate on professional footballers. In later part of 2016, he went to Germany for learning advanced Joint Replacements - Complex and Revision Joint Replacements. In 2016, he started his private practice in Indore in own SNG Hospital as Chief Joint Replacement and Arthroscopy Surgeon. Since then he is performing many Arthroscopy and Joint Replacement Surgeries on regular basis along with Complex Trauma - Peri articular fractures, PELVIS and Acetabulum Fractures.

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